Halitosis: Causes and Treatments

3 mins read
Halitosis: Causes and Treatments

Halitosis, commonly known as bad breath, is a widespread condition that can cause significant social and psychological discomfort. While occasional bad breath is normal, persistent halitosis often indicates underlying health issues. Understanding the causes and available treatments is crucial for effectively managing and preventing halitosis.

Causes of Halitosis

  • Poor Oral Hygiene: Neglecting to brush and floss removes food from the mouth but leaves it there to rot, causing bacteria to build up. These are bacteria that produce sulfur that leads to the formation of odorous compounds responsible for the production of bad breath. Poor oral hygiene is an issue which may lead to serious complications warranting a visit to the best Dentist in Karachi.
  • Food: Many of them cause what is referred to as ‘halitosis’ which is a temporary form of bad breath occasioned by things like garlic, onion or spices. They wallow in the bloodstream and finally end up in the lungs, where they are expelled through breath, hence producing the stinking smell.
  • Dry Mouth: Saliva aids in mouth cleanliness especially by rinsing of the mouth famous for eradicating food particles and bacteria. Other factors that may cause halitosis include xerostomia, medications and any situation that interferes with the normal production of saliva like mouth breathing.
  • Dental Issues: It is important to understand that cavities, gum disease in its early stages (gingivitis) and in advanced stages (periodontitis), and poorly fitting dental appliances may allow bacterial growth that may produce unpleasant smells.
  • Tobacco Products: Tobacco smoking in particular results in bad breath and gum diseases besides other problems of the oral cavity.
  • Medical Conditions: The diseases include sinus infections, respiratory tract infections, diabetes mellitus, liver or kidney diseases, and those that affect the gastric system are most likely to cause this condition.

Treatments for Halitosis

  • Brushing: These include brushing the teeth twice with fluoride toothpaste daily or as often as instructed by your dentist. It is important to clean all the surfaces of the spoon and especially the tongue area where germs like to swarm.
  • Flossing: Another IPC is flossing once daily so as to clear food debris and plaque between the teeth.
  • Mouthwash: There is a mouthwash used with antibacterial properties which kills bacteria and leads to fresh breath.
  • Hydration: Make sure to drink enough water to keep saliva flow going and to clean the mouth for any lodged food and bacteria.


Halitosis or bad breath is a common condition but one that can be managed through proper brushing and flossing. If you are concerned about bad breath or any other oral health concerns, you can visit the best Dentist in Lahore.

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